of Photos: click description
for larger photograph
as seen looking north-west from the hill behind the Cotopaxi church.
View from Cotopaxi looking west through the canyon.
Looking west from the "Mow" ranch towards areas of the large black-shaded area of map.
BLM map with approximate colony lands shaded black.
Right: Looking south over part of the lower colony
The Cotopaxi Colony:
A Thesis by Flora Jane Satt
permission from Flora Jane Satt,
her thesis "The Cotopaxi
Colony" is posted
This thesis contains a good history of Cotopaxi, and I think this is the best
source of info on the Cotopaxi Colony.
Much credit is due to my
for entering most of the thesis into MS Word documents. My sister
Part VI - Bibliography .
has also done a tremendous about of research and is compiling the Cotopaxi
A good number of people, including quite a few local residents,
have had a good interest in the Cotopaxi Colony History over the years, and
several have compiled a history of the Colony. No two seem to agree
completely on every detail, but add to that legal documents and genealogies and
we hopefully arrive at a fairly accurate history, and again, this is supplied
well enough in Fora Jane Satt's thesis.
We are continually learning more about Cotopaxi history.
Sometimes new info comes via email, sometimes by a "new" document from that
period, often by local oral history, frequently by reading something for the
15th time and finally realizing what was said, and in at least one case, a
"bombshell" (yet to be disclosed) of info comes from physical evidence - which
in this case supports, or is supported by, a local oral history. The more
we learn about early Cotopaxi the more respect we have for the
colonists...Cotopaxi was a pretty rough little town at one time!
There is a lot of info yet to post!
Check out Jen's IF-Then Blog:
If you think it didn't happen
concerning the Jews of Brest Litovsk
that did not come to Cotopaxi
From Jen Lowe,
"....when you do genealogy and see that an entire
family of 3 generations ALL died on the very same day.....
you know that it is real."
Ship manifest for Shames,
Prezant, Washer, Milstein families!!
Jen Lowe has documented some 800-1000 Cotopaxi Colony
of the Cotopaxi Colonists
Schneider (Snyder) Family and Descendants
Shuteran - Prezant Families & Descendants
Kinship Report for
The Land Declarations
Colony Lands - Map of Colonist's
- identified by name
coming: Congregation bnai Shalom, Cotopaxi,
There was a
synagogue in Cotopaxi!
The Cemetery Page
Gravesite marker is up!
With Jerry Klinger (red shirt) at the colony gravesite, April 29, 2011
A special Thank You to Jerry and Judy Klinger
Jewish American Society For Historic Preservation (JASHP)
to Congressman Doug Lamborn for the kind words about us
in the July 13,
2011 Congressional Record.
panoramic view of the "upper" colony site.
a bit more than 180 degrees.
the left side, the view is towards the north,
the center part represents the easterly view,
on the right side, towards the south.
Hero or villain?
Just a quick look:
Wanted in Montana
Saltiel's "Sweated Labor" (Jewish Colonists)
No smooth talking is going get in the way of history on this site.
But I think the bottom line will remain thus:
Although not likely his primary intent, Saltiel helped some Jews get out of
Russia at a time that saved them from immediate Russian government
oppression and also saved them from the future Holocaust.
In this light, Saltiel's good BY FAR out weighs his
Crook, shyster, con man ? Absolutely.
It's well documented.
if one Jewish life was saved by his actions, even inadvertently,
then he is elevated far above many others.
This is a proper view of Emanuel Harris Saltiel.
All the while, bearing in mind -
The Colonists that came had the mindset to come, Saltiel or no, as evidenced by Jacob
Milstein's presence in America
before Saltiel met with HAIS.
Saltiel OWNED Cotopaxi.
Cotopaxi Mine Built by Peter Young in 1919.
Burned down in 1956.
This was later (note vehicle) than the
time of the Cotopaxi Colony.
miner's lien against
Emanuel Saltiel for unpaid "work and
labor" Saltiel attests that several colonists worked here...
Colonist Joseph Nudelman, who's son is buried at
the Cotopaxi Cemetery, later in life founded the first orthodox synagogue in the
Torah, Portland Oregon.
Quote: "In 1905, a small group of Jewish community
members began meeting in Portland stores and homes to
hold prayer services. Eventually, the topic of
organizing a synagogue came up, and after months of
organizing and fundraising, they founded Shaarie Torah.
Under the able leadership of Joseph Nudelman, of
blessed memory, the group purchased a Presbyterian
Church on SW Third Avenue and moved it to First Avenue,
south of Hall Street. The building was refurbished and
became the first official home of Shaarie Torah."
City Historical Center records
Leader, Sept 2, 1882:
Chuturin-Snyder - On August
Rev D. Grupitzky, Mr. Marcus
Chuturin and Miss Fanny Snyder,
both of Cotopaxi, Colo."
D. Grupitzky probably was
David Korpitsky. BUT maybe not.....
Shuteran etc, Snyder =
Note the "Rev" - good to have a sense of humor.
We have found three marriage certificates of the colonists:
Marcus Chuturan & Fanny Snyder, August 25, 1882
Jacob Milchstein & Yenta Milchstein, (cousins!) August 31, 1882
Moses Minkorsky & Sarah Snyder, September 28, 1882
In Flora Jane Satt's thesis, she shows another previous wedding took place:
"David Korpitsky served as rabbi and performed two weddings that
first summer. The first united Max Shuteran and Hannah Milstein and the other
was the religious ceremony which finally, even in the eyes of the most orthodox,
sanctioned the civil union of Jacob Millstein and his cousin Nettie."
"Hannah" is often a name associated with "Fanny", and it is likely
an error by Satt's and/or her source regarding the last name "Milstein".
Marcus = "Max".
The Gold Tom connection!
We Have Found: The Beehive Mine
(perhaps better said:
"that workings up beehive canyon")
This is of local history interest to those interested in buried treasure...
Photo: an old crib in an old shed in
Julius Schwartz, March 2, 1883 letter to
the facts are, that only six
houses are constructed on town lots,"
(so this should be read - six of the shacks Saltiel built were within the
Cotopaxi townsite - not on the land they were supposed to farm...that was up to
8 miles away!.)
"The houses are double-boarded with tar
paper between them, are sixteen by twenty feet and are twelve feet high in the
in other words....they were clapboard/tarpaper shacks....
At some point, we will have to take a look at just where these properties were.
Nancy Oswald has
finished her fiction novel about the Jewish Colony. To read an excerpt of her
book, Nothing Here But Stones, go
to her website: click
here! It's a great book!!!
rancher, educator, historian and
Our Cotopaxi Colony pages
Jane Satt Thesis Homepage
People - List of Cotopaxi Colonists
Family Genealogy page (Makovsky Family Tree) OLD VERSION
of Cotopaxi Colony land
Magazine, July 1941
Cotopaxi Cemetery page
Lands Map with ownership designation
Descendant's Page Their
"What's New?" Page!
People - List of the Cotopaxi Colonists
(Snyder) Family and Descendants
- Shuteran - Prezant Families & Descendants
Report for Menashe Milstein
Saltiel's "Sweated Labor"
Additional information on the Jewish colony in
Maps and Photos
of Cotopaxi 1880-1890
is no E.S Hart building. A 1920's shot shows the two similar buildings left of
center as the RR depot, and Hart's store (Glenn Mullins' home now) would be
just to the right a smidge and across the tracks. Note Saltiel's house,
background left is single story. I think he built the house in 1881, and added
a second story in 1883 (?). And Vic Miller made it a one story again in the (?)
1950s. So...this might even be before the colonists were in Cotopaxi.
of the American West, 1860-1920: Photographs from the Collection of the Denver Public Library
Other Cotopaxi Colony articles,
documents and websites
Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation
- The failed Russian Jewish Agricultural Colony, 1882-1884
Zera Abraham - formed in 1887 by Colonists
Torah Mystery - Denver Post
By Claire Martin 9/27/2009
Jewish Colony -Shanna Lewis/Western Skies Oct 6, 2005
Jewish Agricultural Colony at Cotopaxi, Colorado by Dr. Yitzchok Levine
Times: The Jewish colony at Cotopaxi, by Nancy Oswald
the Jews emigrated, by Martha Quillen
Armstrong's Cotopaxi Colony site
Christening of Cotopaxi
Elizabeth Gulliford's account of Cotopaxi
article, University of Denver curriculum guide
of the Cotopaxi Colonists. Jewish Genealogical Society of Colorado
Julius Schwartz's Report
M. Beck Memorial Archives
of North American Jewish Community Books: Colorado
Boston HIAS Database, 1882-1929
Colorado.org - Jewish Colorado History
McNew's Cotopaxi Cemetery Page "The first burials were Russian
Cotopaxi Colonists in front of E.S. Hart store in Cotopaxi
Cotopaxi to Denver: Immigrant Jewish Farmers Become American Urban Community
Historical Society Roadside Marker Program
Brief History of Highway 50
Ecuador The other Cotopaxi!
My Big Sister's BLOG:
and last and least:
extra Cotopaxi history and...other
Thanks to all the
Make no mistake,
this is the original authentic Cotopaxi-Colony website!
Copyright © 2001-2017 Nelson Moore. All Rights Reserved.
Tell me your Cotopaxi Colony story; email firstname.lastname@example.org